Downloading and Installing Linux Mint for Windows Machines Doc
You can download the Linux Mint operating system for free. It comes as an ISO file which you need to burn to a blank DVD or a USB. The live DVD or USB is then bootable and provides a fully-functional operating system which you can try without affecting your PC. In layman's terms, when you put Linux Mint on a DVD and place it into your computer, you can try it out while leaving your current system intact.
Kerlin's Recommendation: If you have at least 8GB of RAM, download and install either VirtualBox or VMWare Player.. Then you can open VirtualBox or VMWare Player and do the install into a VM. VMs are great because you don't to reboot to open up Linux
To download Linux Mint 18. Click on the following link.
https://www.linuxmint.com/download.php and follow the instructions as shown below.
I used Rufus to create a Bootable USB for installation. Rufus is a freeware and can be downloaded from google. Click on the following link, if you wish to create a bootable USB. https://rufus.akeo.ie/
Once, you have created a Bootable USB successfully, you will have to change the boot device order. This can be done by hitting F12 on startup and successfully navigating through setup menu. You can use the following link to change the boot device. http://www.howtogeek.com/129815/beginner-geek-how-to-change-the-boot-order-in-your-computers-bios/
it’s time to install Linux, the fun starts now.
Boot the DVD/USB
Place the DVD/USB in the drive/port and restart the computer. You should now see the following screen:
Note: If you don’t see this screen and your PC boots as usual it’s probably because your BIOS is not set to boot on DVD. Restart the computer and press F1, F2, Delete, or Escape (or whatever key lets you enter the BIOS configuration) and change your BIOS settings to tell your computer to boot from its DVD drive.
Install Linux Mint on your Hard Drive
From the first screen choose the default “Start Linux Mint” option and press Enter. After a little while the live system should be ready and you should see the desktop.
At this stage Linux Mint is not installed on your computer, it’s simply running from the DVD. The system you have in front of you is, however, almost exactly the same as the one you will have on your computer after the installation is finished.
When you are ready, double-click on the “Install Linux Mint” icon located on the desktop. The Installer appears:
Select your language and press the “Continue” button.
You will now see a screen asking if you want to install third-party software. This usually isn’t (fully) open source software or the software has different licensing terms which people might not want to install. But as many other people rely on this software the installer of Linux Mint makes it easy to include them, just by selecting this option before you “Continue”.
In the next optional screen, make sure you're connected to a power source (if you're using a laptop), the Internet and that you have the recommended amount of disk space. Then press the “Continue” button.
In the next screen you can assign your entire hard drive to Linux Mint or install it alongside other operating systems (It will give you options to choose from at startup. E.g., Windows, Linux). Alternatively, you can also define and assign the partitions manually.
For this tutorial I used the first option that allowed me to Install Linux Mint alongside my existing windows operating system. This allows me to choose the operating system I want to work with at startup as shown below.
It will create a virtual partition to install Linux on your existing hard drive. The amount of space you would want to allocate to Linux depends on you. I chose half of the space my hard drive had.
Click install now to continue with the installation process.
Choose the appropriate option and click on the “Install Now” button.
At this stage, the installation is going on in the background and the installer asks you setup questions:
Default time zone could be anything, for me it was New York but you can change it to Chicago as shown below and hit continue.
Choose your location on the map by clicking on the city which is the nearest to you.
Now, Select your keyboard layout.
When you’re ready click the “Continue” button.
Enter your real name and a username and password. Every time you’ll use Linux Mint you’ll use your account with this username and password.
The installer might detect other operating systems on your computer and ask you if you want to migrate some personal information.
This allows you to migrate bookmarks, contacts, favorites and other sorts of personal information from other operating systems installed on your hard disk drive into the newly installed Linux Mint.
When you’re ready click on the “Continue” button.
The installation should take between 10 and 15 minutes.
Once the installation is done click the “Restart Now”
When prompted, remove the DVD from the drive or remove the USB and press Enter. Your PC is now ready to boot Linux Mint from the hard drive.
Enjoy Mint !!!